vaginal surgery complications

In general, the serious complications associated with vaginal surgery are no different to any major operation, namely infection, bleeding, injury to adjacent structures (e.g. bowel, bladder and ureter), venous thrombosis and nerve injury. However, certainly when it comes to a procedure such as hysterectomy, it is generally agreed that the complication rate following vaginal hysterectomy is probably better, and certainly not worse, than with other routes of surgery.

Some procedures have specific risks due to the technique used. Thus, mesh erosion is a recognised risk when uterovaginal prolapse is repaired with synthetic meshes. Vaginal narrowing is a risk when a large vaginal prolapse is repaired by anterior and posterior pelvic floor repair. Temporary urinary retention can follow repair of a bladder prolapse.